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The creation of an antivenom starts with the collection of quality venom from the snakes. If the venom is contaminated or damaged, the rest of the product will be bad from the start.

In the video to the right, AVRI's Serpentarium Curator extracts venom from a Spectacled Cobra.

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Jim Harrison from Kentucky Reptile Zoo pins a cobra for venom extraction. Jim and his wife Kristen came to Sri Lanka to volunteer their expertise to train our staff.
Restraining the snakes takes quick reflexes and skill.
Venom is extracted from the common krait by using small glass capillary tubes.
A Russell's viper is pinned for venom extraction.

A Saw-scaled viper biting into the parafilm covered flask.

Venom collected into the bottom of the test tube. Next, it will be centrifuged, sucked out with a pipette, and frozen.

A Hump-nosed viper and a Saw-scaled viper. Small species such as these can be tricky because of their size and ability to twist in your grasp.
Kristen and myself displaying Hump-nosed viper venom. Very serious business!
A team of friends proud of their accomplishment.
The venom collection stand. After collection, the venom will be frozen and then lyophilized at the University of Peradeniya.
Our partners, the University of Peradeniya.